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It’s always good to start paying attention to your V-zone! We list down a few typical female health concerns for you to take note of.

The V-zone comes in different shapes, sizes and colours, and it goes through a lot in a lifetime. There are some obvious changes like puberty, childbirth, and menopause. But there are some changes that could raise a red flag. So, being familiar with this part of your body will help you care for yourself better. If something feels off, your vagina could be suffering from an infection. Here, we’ll shed some light on the more common infections.

Yeast infection

A healthy vagina has a balance between healthy and unhealthy bacteria. When fungus overgrows in your vagina, that’s when the yeast infection develops. This causes uncomfortable symptoms such as vaginal itching, burning sensation, and discharge.

Women who use hormonal birth control, birth control pills, birth control patch, or vaginal ring may also have more yeast infections. Vaginal yeast infections are common and can be easily treated.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

A UTI occurs when bacteria enter the urethra, and travel to the bladder. If the bacteria survive and grow, they can result in infections which commonly cause frequent, painful, and/or foul-smelling urination, discomfort above the pubic bone, blood in the urine, fever, nausea, fatigue, and even mental confusion.

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common health problem caused by an imbalance of reproductive hormones. Symptoms of PCOS include prolonged menstrual cycles, missed period, heavy period or spotting, excess facial and body hair, and abnormal ovulation from being overweight.

Endometriosis

This happens when the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows somewhere else. It can grow on the ovaries, behind the uterus, on the bowels, or on the bladder. Endometriosis is rarely seen in girls who have not started their periods, and menopausal women. Having trouble getting pregnant may be the first sign of endometriosis.

STDs

STD stands for Sexually Transmitted Diseases. It is sometimes referred to as STI - Sexually Transmitted Infections. STDs/STIs are infections that spread from one person to another. It usually happens during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. STDs/STIs can pose serious health issues if not treated. Getting tested is easy, and most of them are easy to treat.

If you are ever in doubt, then it’s time to seek a gynaecologist. The more you know and understand, the more you will be able to empower others with your knowledge and take charge of your V-zone’s health. So, you go girl!